Double Pipe Heat Exchangers
A double pipe heat exchanger, in its
simplest form is just one pipe inside another larger pipe. A hairpin heat
exchanger may have only one inside pipe, or it may have multiple inside
tubes, but it will always have the doubling back feature shown.
The wall of the inner pipe is the heat transfer surface.
The pipes are usually doubled back multiple times as shown in the diagram at the left, in order to make the overall unit more compact.
One fluid flows through the inside pipe and the other flows through the annulus between the two pipes.